Can Dogs Eat Pineapples?  Here’s what vets say

Can Dogs Eat Pineapples? Here’s what vets say

Can Dogs Eat Pineapples?  Here’s what vets say

Pineapple is a healthy treat for humans — but is it safe for dogs? Here’s what you should know about sharing human food with your furry friends.

Sharing human food with dogs

Many people like to share their favorite treats with their four-legged companions. And pineapple is a delicious, refreshing fruit enjoyed around the world.

But not all human foods are good for dogs, even the healthiest fruits and vegetables.

Grapes and chocolate in particular are toxic to dogs, even in small doses. Parts of some fruits and vegetables can also contain toxic compounds, pose a choking hazard, or cause digestive problems.

Knowing which foods are safe to share with furry friends can be confusing. And some online resources claim that there are health and behavioral benefits of feeding dogs fruits and vegetables.

In particular, some sources, such as Animal Planet, claim that feeding pineapples to dogs deters coprophagia, or the consumption of feces.

Here’s what you need to know about whether pineapple is safe for dogs and if there are reasons to feed your furry friend this tropical fruit.

Why are some foods unsafe for dogs?

In general, dogs and cats are not very different from humans in terms of how they digest and absorb food in the body, says Erin Anderson, associate veterinarian at DVM Pets First Animal Hospital in Richmond, Virginia.

However, something is considered toxic or harmful to an animal if its metabolism isn’t primed for it, she adds.

“Certain foods are harmful to pets because they don’t have the same type or amount of enzymes that we use to break down food into non-toxic waste products,” Anderson says. Enzymes are compounds the body uses to break down nutrients in food.

Anderson says how much food a dog eats also plays a big part in determining if it’s harmful.

For example, she explains, small amounts of something like milk chocolate are unlikely to have serious consequences, but they might in large doses.

“Other things, like common painkillers like ibuprofen, are very harmful even in small amounts,” she says.

“If a person ate enough of these ‘poisonous’ foods, they would get sick too.”

Some foods also contain inedible parts such as seeds, kernels, hulls, shells, or tough skins that can cause choking, be difficult to digest, or block the esophagus.

Woman feeding her cute dog with pet snack at home

NickyLloyd/Getty Images

Can dogs eat pineapples?

“Dogs can eat pineapples,” says Karen Overall, VMD, associate professor at Atlantic Veterinary College in Prince Edward Island, Canada.

Anderson reiterates this: “Pineapple is not something that comes with a specific toxic dose. It is not known to harm pets.”

However, some parts of the pineapple can pose health risks, especially for smaller dogs or in large quantities.

“The more fibrous parts, like the skin and stems, could theoretically cause gastrointestinal obstruction if a smaller dog eats enough of it,” says Anderson. This means it’s a good idea to remove the pineapple stem, skin, leaves, crown, stone and peel before feeding pineapples to a dog.

While pineapple pulp is safe for dogs to eat, experts say unsweetened pineapple isn’t as appealing to most dogs.

So unless a syrup or sweetener is added, dogs are unlikely to consume enough pineapple to cause health problems.

“Many dogs and cats do not find it palatable enough to consume in large enough quantities to cause harm,” says Anderson.

Does Eating Pineapple Prevent Dogs From Eating Poop?

According to the experts, there is some anecdotal evidence that feeding pineapple to dogs or administering it as a dietary supplement can discourage them from eating feces.

But Anderson and other experts say there haven’t been studies on pineapple’s effectiveness for the habit known as coprophagia, and most vets know someone who’s tried it with unimpressive results.

The theory is that pineapple gives poop a bad taste and deters dogs from eating it, says Tina Wismer, DVM, senior director, ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center — but there aren’t any scientific studies to prove it.

Overall, even if pineapple makes a dog’s poop taste worse, he adds, it’s unlikely to deter them from continuing to eat them.

“Digested or bad-tasting substances don’t deter dogs,” she says.

Is Pineapple Good for Dogs?

There may be some health benefits associated with feeding dogs pineapples.

Pineapples contain several important nutrients, including fiber, magnesium, manganese, potassium, iron, phosphorus, zinc, folic acid, and vitamins C and B-6.

“There is some anecdotal evidence that the flesh of the [pineapple] Fruit can help with digestion,” says Anderson.

That’s probably because the enzyme bromelain found in pineapples makes it easier for dogs to absorb proteins.

But there is little to no research proving that feeding dogs pineapple has any real health benefits.

And just one study published in the 2017 Journal of Nutrition Science tested the benefits of administering bromelain-containing supplements to dogs.

This study concluded that there are no health benefits associated with taking the supplement and no reason for taking it.

Also, being carnivores, dogs don’t really need to eat fruits and vegetables like pineapples to meet their nutritional needs.

Common foods that are unsafe for dogs

Most foods that humans eat can also be safely enjoyed by canine companions. But some foods and drinks contain certain chemicals that can be toxic or harmful to dogs.

avocado

Avocado contains persin, a toxin that can cause diarrhea and vomiting in dogs.

Leek Vegetables

The compound leek found in onions, chives, garlic, and leeks is toxic to dogs.

Products derived from cocoa seeds

Products derived from cocoa seeds, such as coffee, chocolate, and caffeine, also contain methylxanthines, which can cause diarrhea, vomiting, excessive urination, abnormal heart rhythms, tremors, seizures, and death in dogs.

grapes and raisins

For reasons that are unclear, grapes and raisins can also lead to kidney failure in dogs. Consuming macadamia nuts can also cause dogs to develop hyperthermia, tremors, and vomiting.

citrus fruits

Wismer adds that citrus fruits can also pose health risks for dogs: “The stems, leaves, peel, fruit, and seeds of citrus plants contain varying amounts of citric acid, essential oils that can cause irritation and possibly even central nervous system depression in significant amounts.” taken.”

Most inedible, high-fiber fruit and vegetable seeds, pips, crowns, peels, stems, leaves, and skins should also be removed to make them dog-friendly.

Pear kernels in particular are known to contain traces of the poison cyanide.

foods with xylitol

Eating foods with xylitol, a natural sweetener, can also cause mild symptoms like vomiting and diarrhea in dogs, but in higher doses it can lead to liver failure and death.

Raspberries contain a small amount of xylitol, so limit serving size to less than one cup at a time.

tomatoes

It’s also a good idea not to allow dogs to eat tomatoes, which contain the toxin solanine in the green parts.

alcohol

Alcohol is also a big no-no for dogs and even in small doses it can be fatal to dogs.

Other problem foods

Many animal welfare organizations also recommend that dogs not eat yeast dough, salty foods or salt, and raw and undercooked animal products such as meat, bones, and eggs.

Feeding dogs large doses of dairy products or coconut and coconut oil can also lead to digestive problems and loose stools in dogs.

More tips on feeding dogs pineapples

Experts warn against feeding dogs sugar-enriched food because, like humans, too much sugar can have negative health effects like weight gain and an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Even unsweetened pineapple contains quite a bit of natural sugar, so it’s best given to dogs in moderation.

“Dogs love a sweet tooth and sugar is no better for them than it is for us,” says Overall.

It’s also important to allow dogs to eat high-sugar fruits like pineapple in moderation, as this can lead to excess calories.

“As with all extra treats, snacks shouldn’t account for more than five percent of your daily caloric intake, so keep portion sizes small,” says Wismer.

To avoid choking hazards, it can also be a good idea to cut pineapple flesh into smaller pieces before feeding it to dogs, especially small dogs, and remove any hard parts of the fruit.

“We recommend cutting the pineapple into bite-sized pieces and removing the core,” says Wismer.

Also, when introducing a dog to new foods, watch the dog to see if these introductions are causing problems such as diarrhea or vomiting. While most can, not all dogs do well with pineapples.

How to stop dogs from eating poop

Overall explains that research has found two things that make a dog eat poop – living and raising another dog who eats poop (a learning component) and whether a dog’s parents did it (a genetic component). ).

She says the only real way to reduce the habit, once established, is to limit access: Pick up feces immediately and keep your dog away from the temptation.

You may be able to prevent your dog from developing the problem, she says, by keeping mom and puppies very clean and away from feces.

More tips on feeding fruits and vegetables to dogs

Some fruits and vegetables are high in fat, calories, and sugar, such as nuts and many tropical fruits.

But many fruits and vegetables are excellent options for dog parents looking to give their pups something nutritious or flavorful.

“Vegetables like carrots, celery, broccoli, green beans, cauliflower, or cooked (canned) pumpkin are good snack options,” says Wismer.

(Check out these plant-based trends for 2021.)

“They can be offered either raw – except squash – or cooked; Just avoid condiments if you offer them cooked. Apples, bananas, cucumbers, cantaloupe, blueberries, strawberries and kiwi are all [also] OK to give to your pet.”

Wismer notes that adding pickles to your pet’s water or making a dog smoothie with dog-friendly fruits is a fun and nutritious way to treat your pups.

For a healthy, refreshing drink, dog parents can try tepache, the healthier cousin of pineapple-based kombucha.

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